A lake is described as a body of relatively still water, localised by a basin that is surrounded by land and has a river or other form of moving water feeding into it. Natural lakes are generally found near mountains, rift zones or areas with on-going glaciation.
Why are lakes so important? Lakes play a vital role in the environment cycle. The underground water resources are maintained through lakes and other water sources. The water cycle requires the lakes to maintain the natural growth in the area through evaporation of water by sun heat. Furthermore, the fish in the lakes are food for humans, birds and other animals.
The drinking water requirement of all creatures depends on these lakes and other water sources in the area. The lakes are water storage for rain during the year to continue the water cycle.
Here are the two great lakes in the world:
Number One – The Deepest Lake In The World
Lake Baikalis is the world’s oldest lake at twenty-five million years. It is located in south Russian, Siberia. It is the most voluminous freshwater lake in the world and contains twenty percent of the world’s unfrozen fresh water. At 1,642 m (5,387 ft.), the Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. Interestingly, it is also among the clearest lake in the world. Baikal is home to more than 1,700 species of plants and animals, two thirds of which can be found nowhere else in the world and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996
Number Two – The Largest Lake In The World
The Caspian Sea, located in western Asia on the eastern outskirts of Europe, is the largest lake on earth. The history records state that this lake is a sea, because when the Romans discovered the lake, they found that it tasted salty and named it The Caspian Sea. The surface area of the lake is 371,000 sq. km (143,244 sq. mi), and the deepest part of the lake is 1025 m (3,363 ft).
The lake borders Azerbaijan, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Iran. Oil and natural gas production platforms are replete along the edges of the sea. In addition, large quantities of fish live in its waters, and the caviar produced from their eggs is a one of the most valuable commodities to the surrounding countries. Fresh water flows into the sea via the Volga River and Ural River.
In conclusion, a lake plays an important part in our day-to-day environment cycle and provides thousands of animals a home. This article shows the longest and deepest lakes in the world.
I am Greg Jones a water dispensers user and nature lover. I enjoy nothing more than packing a picnic bag and going off exploring mountains and forests. Find me at the mains water coolers in my local gym and let me tell you all about my adventures.
Image courtesy of David Castillo Dominici / FreeDigitalPhotos.net